Dog first aid can save the life of your companion! Specific training for pets is increasing among dog owners today; they are ideal for knowing how to respond without panic when your dog is in danger. While you are waiting to register, do you know what to do in case of an accident?
The most common accidents that requires dog first aid
With a dog or cat you have to be prepared for the following emergencies:
- Hyperthermia / hypothermia: the rectal temperature rises above 39 ° or falls below 38 °. The situation must be taken seriously if the animal is very young or the temperature is very high, or vice versa.
- Choking: Usually the animal coughs and then automatically removes the foreign body. If this is not the case, you have to go get it out yourself from his mouth, or you perform a Heimlich maneuver.
- Cardio-respiratory problems: often after a shock they must be treated with absolute urgency. If your pet is equipped with a GPS tracker with real time tracking you can be quickly alerted.
- Ingestion of toxic products: Make your pet to vomit it.
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Dog First aid kit
A well-filled medicine kit is essential to prevent accidents; What should it contain?
- Specific dressings and dressings of all sizes, compresses and veterinary antiseptic wipes;
- A muzzle to prevent your dog from bite
- A pillow cover to control your dog with gentleness
- A rectal thermometer and petrolatum
- Scissors and tweezers
- A solution of hydrogen peroxide dosed at 3% maximum , to induce vomiting from your prt
- A blanket of survival and towels
- Disposable gloves
- A veterinary emergency number and / or that of a clinic
Focus on: The Heimlich Maneuver
The Heimlich maneuver does not only work for man, it applies to animals too.
- Dog First Aid: stand behind your dog, standing or squatting, depending on the size of the animal. Put an arm around the stomach (3 or 4 fingers of the hand if it is a small dog) and practice 5 short but powerful pressing on the stomach. Repeat until he spits out the object
- Cat: Place one hand on his back to hold it firmly and the other hand on the belly at the base of the rib cage. Perform series of 4 presses that are directed inwards and upwards. You can help your cat by knocking him twice in the nose between each series of pressures.
Focus on: Taking Pulse
Sometimes, after a shock or a fall, no lesion is visible on your animal. However, he may be injured and / or startled. Checking the pulse is a good way to assess his general condition: put your pet on his side. Search with the index finger and the middle finger for pulsations on the inside of the thigh at the level of the groin. Count the number of beats over a period of 20 seconds and then multiply the number by 3 to get the number of beats / minute. The average for a dog varies from 60 (for a large animal) to 160 bpm for a small breed.
Prepare to help your pet with a problem or accident: contact a rescue training organization. Your veterinarian can also teach you some simple dog first aid techniques that can save his life. Think about it!