Dog Crate Training: How To Do It Right

Dog crate training involves teaching your dog how to use a dog crate. This is very good for your pet because it will go a long way to help it adapt to the new life it will eventually live while it is with you.

One major advantage of a dog crate training is that it will quickly help your dog know how to comport itself. It helps the dog to start behaving in the right manner. It saves you the owner the hassles of having to clean your house from time to time because of dog poo and other mess your dog can make.

A dog does not like to urinate or poo in the place where it sleeps. A dog is also conscious of hygiene, especially when the environment permits it.

By using a consistent schedule of bringing your dog out and showing it where you want it to pass waste products it will quickly get used to this, and take it as a normal way of life. From this point, the dog will start to see its dog crate as a place of abode which must be kept clean at all times, hence it will avoid dirtying it by all means.

Your duty as an owner is to encourage your pet as much as you can, especially when the pet is doing what you want. This will gear it to do more. Naturally,  your dog will never want you to get mad at it. It will always want to please you and make you happy.

Find a way of rewarding it when it is doing what you want. Know that learning a new thing do take time, and sometimes you may not get it right at the beginning, since you are not an expert in dog training.

With patience, continue to lead your pet dog into what you want it to do, and gradually you will see that the dog crate training you have decided to introduce to your dog will start to pay off.

One major issue you will have which may slow down your dog training is when you are absent, or when you are away from home. Depending on how this happens often it may really create a problem for you and your dog.

If this is what you cannot avoid you have to find a way of working around it,  by providing adequately for your dog. You can keep it in a confined space where the dog is free to move about. This will make it to be comfortable as much as it is possible.

The space you are providing should have some things like toys to play with, bed to sleep on, and water to drink. These are basic essentials that you cannot joke with. Once you have provided them, they will ensure that your pet dog is not really lonely.

A dog is naturally an animal that loves to be confined in a place. A den animal. This is a major advantage that works well for a dog crate training. That is, you are doing what goes well with the natural instincts of your dog. That is the reason why dog crate training does not fail, but works to help your dog acclimatize well with its new home, and find joy and peace in it.

When you continue to put your dog in a crate  alone for sometime, the dog will see the crate as a new den, and it will start accepting it as a new home. In a matter of time the dog will start loving to stay there without you locking it in again. The dog will do this because it sees that is what you want. A dog is a very obedient animal.

You should not only make the dog to want to stay in a dog crate alone. You should also consciously take the dog to where you want it to relieve itself. This is very important. If you do not do it, you will get the poor animal confused and forced it to do what it does not want to do naturally. This will make your training to backfire.

Always reward a good deed or obedience from your dog. When you see that it has obeyed you to go out and relieve itself as you want, and that it has not done it in the crate, then reward it with a treat or sometimes with praises.

Give ample time for when you want to take the dog out where you want it to relieve itself, lets say about 40 mins interval. Put the dog on a leash and lead him there. Return it immediately after finishing, or even if it does not do anything. These are actions that your dog will note quickly and will start to do.

You do not need to lead the dog out at night. A dog recognizes when to sleep, hence just like humans the body metabolism systems will adjust to that. Early in the morning do not forget to come take it out because it will wait for you. If you fail to come, you have compel your dog to relieve itself in its house, which both of you do not like.

Read More: How to choose indestructible dog toys

How to Buy The Right Dog Crate For Your Pet Dog

dog crate training guideA dog enjoys staying in a room, or just a designated place which it can call its own. It is just the way we humans love to have a room of our own for the reason of privacy. A dog needs privacy too.

This is the function of a dog crate in the life of a dog. It provides room for privacy. It makes a dog feel it is in its natural den, and that is good for the dog.

Some dog owner does not love putting their pet in a dog crate because they see it as a cage. Many people see putting a dog in a cage as a kind of imprisoning the dog which they really hate. What I have for such people is that they have not really seen the variety of dog cages that are available today.

Today dog cages come in various shapes, materials and designs. I believe that the manufacturers have taken the issue of comfort, beauty, and durability into consideration, because all of these are present in the modern day dog cages.

No matter your lifestyle or that of your pet dog, you can get the type of dog cage that you will find okay for your dog. The most common ones are plastics and the steel wire dog crates. They are easy to dismantle, and easy to carry, especailly when you are going on a journey and you want your dog to accompany you.

Many dog owners who use dog crates prefer the steel wire welded type, because even though it is not as flexible as the plastic type, it offers better ventilation. It is also more durable as the dog cannot chew it.

Apart from the material of a dog crate, you have to also look at the size that you need. This will depend upon the size of your dog of course. Your dog should be free to stand, stretch, turn, and sleep comfortably in it. If these are not possible, the dog crate is not worth buying.

With these two factors mentioned, you should not find it difficult to get a good, durable dog crate for your pet dog. A good one will last for the life of the dog, especially when you have taken the size of the dog (when fully grown) into consideration. If you buy a big one when your dog is still a puppy, you can divide the space inside into two at the beginning and expand it later.

With a dog crate in place, you will save yourself the trouble of packing dog wastes, damaged furniture, dirty and smelly rooms, etc.

Home

For dog lovers

Giving Your Dog Health The Right Priority

Dog health is all about care. As a dog owner, it is your responsibility to take a good care of your dog and give him the right attention that he deserves.

When you go to dog shows, you will see many strong, healthy and lively dogs doing extraordinary things, and you wonder how. The secret is, they have really good breeders and owners looking after their health.

What you give your dog to eat will go a long way to determine his health status. You do not feed your dog just with any food you can lay your hands upon. You have to research the best food for the age and the breed of your dog.

It is a good thing if you can cook or prepare the food yourself, doing this will ensure that you put in the right ingredients and of course, you will get the right results.

The dog foods you buy from stores are good also, especially if you do not have the time or the knowledge to prepare the food yourself. Avoid the urge to change your dog food unnecessarily.

Exercises are very important to dogs. They all need it, but at varying levels. This is one of the factors you have to carefully consider before buying one.

Know the amount of exercise your dog would need, and make sure you are ready to give it. Sometimes, all you need is just a couple of times on a weekly basis, which will not go beyond 30 to 60 minutes, and your dog will be fine. If your dog is the very active type, definitely you will need more time for exercises.

Read Next: How Best To Handle Heat Management in Dogs

Dog Health Issues You Have to Look Out For

dog healthDogs generally have some common ailments that you a dog owner must know, especially if your dog health is important to you.

Dogs are not humans, hence they cannot talk when they are feeling pains, but they do give some signs which you can easily identify and act upon quickly to control the situation.

The maxim that prevention is better than cure works best when you have to maintain your dog health. You will spend less when you tackle ailments before they start, or before they break out fully.

Dog Infections:

Some parts of your dog like teeth, skin, eyes and ears, are easily prone to infections. These are areas you have to pay constant attention to. Areas you have to keep working upon to make sure that they do not harbor any infection.

Give your dog teeth good brushing regularly; there are various dog teeth brushes and toothpastes you can use for this. The same goes for other parts mentioned above. Brush the coat. Give good washing or bathing to your dog, and apply appropriate shampoo.

When you see any part that has been affected by any ailment, and you do not have a ready solution to tackle it, quickly consult your vet.

Dog Diabetes:

Give your dog a strict and well controlled diet to avoid diabetes. Resist the urge of just giving your dog, whatever you see, or what your dog like to smell and eat.

Know that food meant for humans are not necessarily good for dogs, especially sugar and fat filled food. The right food will definitely produce the sound health you want your dog to have.

Dog Arthritis and Dysplasia:

This is common to dog breeds with long bones and narrow joints, especially those who are pure breeds.

Do a research on your type of breed, and know whether he is prone to arthritis and dysplasia. If they are, you will need to go for the appropriate supplements and vitamins that are specially manufactured for dogs, and which can be prescribed by your vet.

Dog Obesity:

Your dog can also suffer from overweight, as a result of over eating with little or no exercise. Obesity on its own cannot kill a dog, but it can open doors for various ailments that can eventually do that, hence it must be stopped at all cost.

Heart failure, skin disorder, tumors, liver malfunctioning, etc., are all results of obesity in dogs. With the right feeding and adequate exercise you can easily nip obesity in the bud before it takes over your dog health.

A healthy dog is a lively dog. If you want your dog to keep enjoy sound and robust health, keep yourself updated on happenings in the dog world.

Never miss news that are trending on pets, especially news that have to do with your dog breed. You will be able to get good information always on new ways, methods, and steps people are using to make their dog healthy.

Home

Dog Health Category

Buying Fun Indestructible Dog Toys for Your Pet Dog

Indestructible dog toys should be your top choice when you are thinking about dog toys. If you have not considered buying a toy for your dog, or you do not know how to go about it, then you have been robbing your dog of the really great times he is supposed to have with you.

Most people want to possess pet dogs because they just want to have one, and also because they feel it will be a good thing to have a dog in the house just like their neighbors do. The pet dogs are known to be the closest friends of man as they can provide the best friendship, comfort along with protection that you would want.

Dog sizes vary. There are standard sized ones as well as big ones. Despite the size of the pet dogs, their own attitude towards other pet dogs and people depend on how well they’re trained, loved and looked after. Getting an appropriate indestructible dog toys for your dog is one of the most sensible thing to do when you want to show him love.

How will you achieve this? You must think much more on the quality instead of the appearance, although the latter will help in determining whether your pet dog will quickly fall in love with his new toy or not. It is the quality that will really determine whether the toy will be able to stand the test of time.

You have to see to it that these areas are well covered. That is why you must go for what you can call indestructible dog toys. Before buying these indestructible dog toys, you truly must have a clear image of what can happen to the toy when your dog is pawing, munching, biting and gnawing on it.

That’s the reason why, you truly need to check on these dog toys well just before buying them. However, fun dog toys should not always be expensive. You might discover long-lasting fun dog toys in your neighborhood pet shop. All you should do is find time to take a proper look at them.

When choosing any kind of pet dog accessories, you should always think of what is right and safe for them, and therefore it is wise to invest your time to choose appropriate dog toys more than just choosing any old thing in the pet shop. Needless to say, the size of the dog toys you choose should also be a point of consideration. It should go along with the size of your dog, otherwise it will just not fit.

A dog toy should not be so small or have some parts that can easily loose to the point that a dog can easily swallow it while playing with it, this may cause serious problems for your pet dog. Furthermore, this is an area where you will have to weigh the advantage of low cost to that of quality. Cheaper toys tend to wear out easily, and cause serious harm to your dog. Do not allow what is supposed to give your dog a good like turn out to be a death trap.

If you are not sure how to choose really good, indestructible dog toys, you could always look up some ideas online. You will see many that can help. Do not just jump on one because you have read good testimonies about it. Think of how it can fit into the life of  your dog before taking action.

Don’t leave dog toys immediately with your dog. If you have already acquired some fun dog toys and you are not sure whether they are right, you should stay with him while he plays or at least viewed him a few minutes to see thing for yourself.

Here is an idea for making indestructible dog toys. Tie any knot in a strong lasso for your pet dog to chew on. To make this dog toy more suitable, thread the lasso through a ball by drilling 2 holes in the ball. Tie a knot at the top of the ball. Choose the size of the ball that is suitable for the size of your dog’s mouth.

A Tennis ball and a small lasso will work for smaller dogs, and a soccer ball with thick lasso for larger dogs to see to it that the dog toy is indestructible. After making the dog toys, consider how you will get him interested in playing with it.

This can pose a serious challenge, but you can go the way of providing a treat, that is, hiding some food within the dog toy, which will only be available for the dog if he can do what you want with the toy.

However, be sure again that the dog toy is extremely strong and will not break apart and pose a choking risk.

More importantly, do not get dog toys, all because you want to get rid of your dog, or you want to keep him busy. You should create an opportunity where the dog will be able to play with you together with the toy. That is when your decision to buy indestructible dog toys for your pet dog can be really meaningful.

Read more: Welcome to Ultimate Dog Care

                      Dog Supplies Guide

                      Which Dog Breed Would You Rather Choose

 

5 Major Points to Consider In Choosing The Best Dog Breed

Choosing the dog breed that is just right is a major hurdle every would-be dog owner must cross.

Considering the fact that there are over 300 dog breeds all over the world today, a prospective dog owner must know what to do to choose the best among them.

Though all dogs are the same, they come from the family of canine, but really they are lots of differences between them.

The breed of dog you choose must well suit the purpose for which you want to keep a pet. It is not all types of dogs that can satisfy our needs.

Over the years, expert dog breeders have succeeded in narrowing down factors that anyone who lack dog breeding experience can consider to help when hunting for a dog to breed.

The first major factor to consider is space. 

A dog needs space to live, walk and do exercise. If you are living in a small apartment, it will be wrong for you to go for a big dog.

Luckily, there are small dog breeds, like the Terrier group or the Miniature Pinscher that you can consider. Space contributes a lot to how well a dog can quickly acclimatize to a particular environment, and live well.

The second major factor is the cost of keeping the pet.

The areas where you will really need to spend money are; feeding and medicals.

All dogs don’t eat the same way, and they don’t require medical attention the same way. You will have to find out how often you would be visiting the vet for the particular dog breed you are interested in.

This also goes for the food the dog breed you choose will be eating. Generally, big dogs eat more than smaller and medium-sized ones.

The third major factor has to do with your children.

If you have kids, or you are planning to have them, then you must put them in the picture.

Don’t go for a delicate or fragile dog breed like a Chihuahua, or for big and dangerous ones like the Great Dane or Saint Bernard. Neither of these two is suitable for a home with children.

The age and number of children in your house is also very important in this regard.

The fourth major point is the amount of exercise you can give to your dog.

Some dogs are very active and need lots of exercises like the Border collie, and species of hunting and sporting dogs.

The time you have to exercise your dog is also important. When dogs are not allowed to exhibit their natural behaviors, and abilities, they can change from being petted to become wild animals.

The fifth major point is the grooming sessions you can give to your dog.

A standard poodle needs lots and regular grooming, while a short haired Terriers or Whippets does not.

Grooming makes your dog to know and love you more, because you are making living easier for him.

When you finally want to buy a dog, do not depend entirely on what you see on social media, and breeding websites alone, many of them are just promotional postings from those who want to make money from you.

Your dog is not just a pet, but a new member of your family, and you the owner has the power to decide how he will live with you.

Use the factors mentioned above to select the best dog breed that reflects your lifestyle, dream, and ambition, and you will not regret your decision to keep a dog.

Read About How Best To Handle Heat Management in Dogs

Other Guides From Our Dog Breeds Category

[ad_1]

Temperament: It is an intelligent dog and the Swedish Vallhund is good tempered and responds well to training. Here is a dog with lots of affection and will love all the attention that he can get. This dog makes a great companion and has great humour. He is extremely active and has many wonderful diverse character quirks.

The Swedish Vallhund is a dog that wants to have a good leader and to know that they are secure, by knowing that you are the alpha. Without this the dog can get small dog syndrome and this is shown by becoming untrustworthy with children and visitors. Aggressive towards other dogs, bark obsessively, guard obsessively becomes wary of strangers. This is avoidable by the owner becoming a good pack leader offering the security the dog seeks.

Socializing the Swedish Vallhund dog well from an early age can help a lot as well as home rules, the dog has to follow. With the right leadership, this is a really good companion dog. Today this breed has shown to be good as a show dog and great with obedience. As with dogs that have a strong hunting instinct and so care around small pets such as mice or rats is needed.

Health issues: There are a few health issues for the Swedish Vallhund but these are not seen often but can happen these are; Hip dysplasia, cleft palate, retinal dysplasia. As with any dog it is very important that you make sure they are up to date on all vaccinations, de-wormings and heart worm preventatives. It is also suggested by the majority of licensed veterinarians that you take your puppy or dog in for a check up at least twice each year.

Grooming: All that is needed is a good hard brush of bristle and brush the coat every few days. Bathing your dog only when really necessary. The Swedish Vallhund is an average shedder.

Living conditions: With the right amount of daily mental and physical exercise this dog is fine in an apartment. Doing well without a garden but would love one if possible.

[ad_2]

Source by Scott Allan Lipe

[ad_1]

The Belgian Sheepdog is a relatively large dog, also known as Groenendael or Chien de Berger Belge, originally from Belgium. It was originally bred to guard sheep, an occupation with which it still commonly works, and it was registered with the AKC in 1912. The Belgian Sheepdogs average between 65 to 75 pounds in weight (29 to34 kg) and between 24 to 26 inches (61 to66 cm) in height. This title Belgian Sheepdog can in fact one of four different breeds, but in some places around the globe they are considered a single breed, and the Groendael breed is the one to which the name applies according to most kennel clubs and organisations. The way the different breeds are named and categorized has changed with time, and it still varies from country to country.

The Belgian Sheepdog is very sociable, caring and loyal. It is however not a good choice for newcomers. They are intelligent and easy to train, but may at times be very stubborn, and also need a lot of attention and daily exercise to stay healthy. They are very devoted, and make great companions. The Belgian Sheepdog was originally used, as the name implies, for herding and guarding sheep. Nowadays it can also be used as a regular family dog as well. They work hard, and if they don’t have any work to do they require a good deal of exercise to remain healthy and happy.

The Belgian Sheepdog is also confident and wellbalanded, and has nothing against working independently. They are great as companions, and their protective instincts make them good watchdogs as well. They get along fine with older more considerate children and strangers, but as all herd dogs it has a tendency of keeping them gathered if they move around “too much”. Pets are to be introduced carefully to the Belgian Sheepdog however, as it can consider all smaller animals as prey, and might try to consume the other species. Their instinct to chase is something they still retain since ancient days. The Belgian Sheepdog is not built to live in a very warm climate, and works best in colder, yet not arctic, surroundings.

The average lifespan of a Belgian Sheepdog is 10 to12 years. The most common causes of death are cerebral vascular and cancer. Common health issues include thyroid problems, pannus, epilepsy, cataracts, PRA and HD. You should also note that parents of Belgian Sheepdog puppys should have both OFA and CERF certificates.

[ad_2]

Source by John M Williams

[ad_1]

Heat management in dogs: Some essential reminders

The dog is an endothermic animal, that is to say it has a thermoregulation system and its internal heat must be constant. In view of this, there must be a constant balance between heat production (thermogenesis) and heat dissipation (thermolysis), just as it is happening to man. The temperature of the dog is around 38.5 ° C and the variations are very poorly tolerated by their body!

How panting Helps in Heat Management

The peculiarity of dogs, compared to human beings, is that they possess very little sweat glands; housed at the pads, their surface is not enough to regulate the temperature of the dog. This is why they are panting continuously or almost all the time in order to stabilize their metabolism.

It can be stated that the more dry the  air is, the more effective the panting is, and the more humid the air, the lower the transfer.rate.

The Role of Conduction and Radiation in Heat Management

Conduction and radiation maximize heat loss via the epidermis, this is less effective but nevertheless necessary, . It is not sweat but simply a loss of energy by contact or radiation. Apparently during hot weather, the dog’s blood system promotes blood transfers via peripheral channels rather than internal networks to maximize losses.

Heat Management in Dogs: Behavior

Be that as it may, the best solution developed by dogs lies in obvious behavioral mechanisms. Looking for shade, cool, feeding in the warmest hours, higher drink intake, etc.

Helping your dog manage the heat

It’s all about common sense … But since it’s especially when you’re not suspicious that accidents happen, stay alert!

REMINDER: If your dog is brachycephalic, black, sick, overweight, elderly or unaccustomed to heat, be especially on your guard.

Here are some points to observe (this is not exhaustive):

1. Try to give him water to drink. (No ice water)

Wet your dog if you can, with water at room temperature and / or bathe it wherever possible. For those who do not have this opportunity , there are refreshing blankets and coats for dogs that are sensitive or obliged to withstand the heat (apartments, vacations, etc.)

2. Take your dog out at times when the the sun is not at its peak (before 10 am and after 5 pm)

3. Make your dog stay in shaded areas as much as possible.

4. Avoid bituminous soils that can be very hot.

 

The heat stroke.

Heat stroke can cause serious brain damage and even death of your dog, if you fail to quickly recognize it, and give it the required attention. If your dog has the following symptoms, he may be a victim from a heat stroke:

Rising heart rate and breathing: Excessive gasping, foam, drool

Rising body temperature, or  hot body

Unusual: search for freshness

Appearance of involuntary movements: convulsions, tremors

Loss of consciousness: dizziness, fainting

Blue / gray mucous membranes

In the case of heat stroke – What to do?

Stay calm but do not waste time to respond. .

Do not force your dog to get up. Place him in the shade.

Moisten or cover him with a damp cloth.

Try to give him water to drink, but not to excess.

Ventilate the air around him if possible.

Call your veterinarian re or the nearest veterinarian.

Conclusion

Heat management is essential in the summer season and is mainly based on common sense. Be extremely vigilant if your dog is in his first days of heat. Follow these simple rules, and if your dog does not return to normal consult a veterinarian urgently.


[ad_2]

Source link

[ad_1]

Rex is a five-month-old German Shepherd Dog breed, born to a mother of the show line and a dad of a working line. A good size for his age. Rex will certainly be out of standard, that is to say that its size will be larger than what is written in the standard of its breed. His voice is powerful, not to talk about the solid frame. He will surely become a fine specimen . The owner who adores him could sense the rejection and criticism of his peers.

Rex is scary, aggressive, and imposing. He barks all the time! In short, Rex does not enjoy the acceptance of the people around him. The owner of the breeding house  from which he came made a serious mistake for his psychological development since he was weaned too early, and adopted from the age of 6 weeks. Knowing that a puppy needs his mother and siblings up to the minimum age of 7 weeks, Rex missed the boat. He created a hyper attachment to his adopted mother.

Rex barks immediately he is left alone, feeling abandoned by her adopted mother. and always react to the slightest noise by a well punctuated bark. Despite the indisputable efforts of his owner to make him socialize, Rex remains hesitant with strangers, but with dogs, he wants to play.

Sometimes using his voice with exaggerated enthusiasm, some dogs are afraid of his big clumsy frame. Their fear may spawn a response from Rex, but without any serious aggressive reaction. Rex is a clumsy teenager who only thinks of playing with whatever he finds comfortable with, just like all young people do. The patience of those around him is put to the test all the time, but Rex learns and matures slowly. He needs stability, calmness, and general friendly disposition, and not screaming, frustration or threatening people, and other dogs around.

Good things come to those who wait for it. A dog, especially an exuberant and active puppy like Rex, does not reach maturity in 3 days. It takes months of patience and grooming to arrive at a more acceptable result. Too many dogs are abandoned at this stage every year, simply because the owners are tired of this canine adolescence.

To raise a german shepherd dog, just like any other breed from puppy to adulthood requires a good investment, time and patience, but in the case of Rex, the family circle and the neighborhood are not ready to give this, practically they lack patience and understanding for this growing adolescent. It’s sad to say this, but today many people are generally not very tolerant of dogs. These people only like to caress dogs in exhibitions and breeders’ shows.

They see them beautiful and fine, but immediately a neighbor or family member brings a new dog that barks they develop an attitude towards the poor creature. They quickly call to the owner to shut him up. As a result, dog owners are always under pressure and frustration from their peers. The dog is not a human that can be reason, hence he will always see hostility in these “no to pets” neighbors, and then react more with barking and snarling.

From a purely emotional and psychological point of view, the dog can be compared to a child of about age 4 to 5 years, who still needs lot of supports and care from their parents. He acts and reacts emotionally as a child. He is conscious of hatred and abandonment, experiences joy, pleasure and a whole range of emotions that can also cause stress. This stress triggers anxiety. Anxiety damages the well-being of the dog, as well as his physical and psychological health.

To be balanced, the dog needs clear instructions, guidance, and respect in a stable and consist manner. This should be given by all, so that a dog can always feel warm, acceptable, and confortable with people. If dogs can talk, they will tell you that they are also afraid of most people, just as humans are afraid of them.

Rex is an example like so many other dogs I have seen over the years with bittr experiences which they do not deserve.

The story of this unfortunate german sherperd dog, Rex is teaching us something, and that is, any dog can be educated, and this education begins before birth by choosing balanced parents. The breeder is then responsible for contributing to the optimal development of his puppies by beginning their socialization and respecting their psychological and emotional needs of daily contact with their mother and the siblings until the minimum age of 7 weeks.

Then, the owner has the duty to continue this socialization and education throughout the first year of the dog’s life, and all the years that he will share with him thereafter. “You are responsible forever for what you have tamed. The question is, do you want to breed? Do you want to have a pet or work dog? Then you must be ready to take responsibility to socialize and educate them.

That’s the way it should be, and the only way that we can make sure that dogs like Rex are no longer a majority in our neighborhood, but a minority. Behavioral problems, especially those leading to aggressive demonstrations and extreme fears, often have their source programmed from early childhood through improper breeding. Before buying a dog, make sure that the breeder knows this, and that your puppy is well prepared for his future pet dog life.

Avoid overprotecting and cuddling a dog like a baby. A puppy will become what you do with him. The more you treat him as a baby, the less balanced he will be. A dog remains a dog.

[ad_2]

Source link